When it comes to the question of how do I invest my own money, I’ve shifted in the past year from being a 100% equity factor based investor to building a diversified DIY Portfolio keying in on a myriad of quantitative investing strategies spread out over numerous asset classes.
Why change from a stocks for the long run strategy?
Aren’t stocks the best game in town?
If you can handle the expected volatility and drawdowns of markets, with a long enough time horizon, doesn’t it make sense to be 100% in equities and then dial things down closer to retirement?
I thought so.
However, I no longer believe this is the best way to invest at any given stage of the life cycle of an investor.
Because diversification is your only free lunch in investing.
How Do I Invest My Money As A DIY Investor?
Hey guys! Here is the part where I mention I’m a travel vlogger! This review of my portfolio is entirely for entertainment purposes only. There could be considerable errors in the data I gathered. This is not financial advice. Do your own due diligence and research. Consult with a financial advisor.
Nomadic Samuel’s Diversified DIY Quantitative Portfolio
Diversification Is Your Only Free Lunch
When you combine uncorrelated (or lowly correlated and negatively correlated) asset classes and strategies with a modest amount of leverage you can outperform equity only mandates, manage risk and reduce sequence of returns risk.
Does this all sound too good to be true?
It did to me for a while.
But over the past year, I’ve been obsessed with studying portfolios such as the Ray Dalio All Weather Portfolio, the Harry Browne Permanent Portfolio and the Risk Parity Portfolio along with modern interpretations such as the Adaptive Asset Allocation, the Dragon Portfolio and the Cockroach Portfolio to see how these portfolios perform under all economic regimes and whether or not they can handle modest leverage to boost returns.
I even created a battle of the leveraged portfolios series of blog posts, using 10 different model portfolios, dating back to returns from 1978 to test how, when and why portfolios fall apart under certain economic conditions.
Rejection of a 100% Equity Portfolio
How about 100% stock only portfolios?
They do fantastic long-term but a portfolio featuring a 100% US Total Stock Market faced a sequence of returns risk of being underwater for an entire decade!
10 years of absolute pain!
And what about the Ray Dalio All Weather Portfolio, Harry Browne Permanent Portfolio and Risk Parity Portfolio?
The negative year roll period was only 1 year for each and every one of those portfolios.
In other words, with over 45 years worth of annual returns, these portfolios never experienced a negative 3, 5, 7 or 10 year roll period.
This was true whether we applied modest leverage at 2X or aggressive leverage at 3X to 4X.
Furthermore, these diversified portfolios featuring stocks, bonds and alternatives never had a negative year that even came close to being as bad as a 100% equity only portfolio.
What’s most exciting about all of this information is that these portfolios are classic long-only asset classes of stocks, bonds, gold and cash.
They’re not employing more sophisticated modern investing strategies of diversification that include long/short managed futures, trend-following, global systematic macro, long-short equity, market neutral, merger arbitrage, long volatility tail risk, cryptocurrencies and/or credit hedges that can make a portfolio even more efficient and overall diversified.
Now there is the potential to build a DIY Portfolio that provides returns equal to (or better) than equities, while managing risk (volatility) and negative annual return roll periods.
Expanded Canvas Portfolios
An artist needs a bigger canvas to create a masterpiece.
A television that expands from HD to 4K provides a massive upgrade for viewers watching movies at home.
In order for my DIY portfolio to reach its full returns potential I need a canvas bigger than 100%.
The idea isn’t to dial up the risk profile of my portfolio by leveraging stocks and bonds to the moon.
It is to create more space in my DIY portfolio for additional strategies, asset classes and alternative investments that will provide unique return streams.
Expanded Canvas Portfolios.
Out of all the possible ways to describe what I’m attempting as a DIY investor I prefer the framework of “return stacking” coined by legendary investor Rodrigo Gordillo and “expanded canvas” minted by yours truly as preferred frameworks for describing the process.
Return stacking is taking the template of a successful historical portfolio, such as the 60/40, while using portable beta strategies such as leverage to create space to stack on additional uncorrelated return streams.
For instance, utilizing a fund such as $NTSX 90/60 requires only 67% portfolio space to achieve a 60/40 portfolio mandate while creating 33% room for additional strategies.
The idea is not to add more stocks/bonds but to consider alternatives.
Expanded canvas portfolios are an unconstrained approach to utilizing leverage.
There are no rules or template to follow.
Screw benchmarks, convention or orthodoxy.
This is a chance to create your own masterpiece of a portfolio from a bottoms-up approach with the cookie cutter template thrown in the trash bin.
In other words, how you decide to mix and match stocks, bonds and alternatives is entirely up to you.
You get to build a DIY Portfolio that matches your own uniquely quirky personality profile, life experiences and overall investment goals.
If this isn’t exciting, I don’t know what is!
I just asked my wife Audrey if she found it as exciting as I do.
I received an epic eye-roll.
How Do I Invest My Money?
The way I currently invest my money, as a DIY investor, is a reflection of my best attempt to understand myself (self-awareness), my career and my investing goals.
I’ve lived an unconstrained and unconventional lifestyle which has involved working abroad, creating a business from scratch overseas and meeting my wife while living in a foreign country.
It should come as no surprise that I’m an unconstrained investor.
It makes me cringe to think I need to use a template as the backbone of my portfolio, such as the 60/40.
I want more diversification and strategies in my portfolio aside from a token alternative sleeve.
The small resource based town I grew up in (Gold River), with a pulp and paper mill that went bust in the 1990s, didn’t diversify its local economy.
It went from a boom (one of the highest per capita income small-towns in Canada) to bust almost overnight.
My day job and small business, as a content creator, was threatened by the pandemic lockdowns which culled our industry to a fraction of what it was just a few years ago.
Those who diversified and had multiple sources of income streams.
The all eggs in one basket crowd which included those who exclusively only ran tours, did paid campaigns or affiliate/advertising models only.
Thus, given that I’ve chosen a volatile career, I’m seeking a portfolio that manages risk while providing excellent returns.
My Investing Goals
I have very specific investing goals.
They are as follows:
10 DIY Investing Goals
- Build a DIY portfolio that can compete with (or outperform) equity only mandates
- To build a maximum Sharpe Ratio and Sortino Ratio portfolio where my returns exceed the level of risk (standard deviation) that is prepared for every economic regime
- To be focused more on the long-term “portfolio strategy” as opposed to the “portfolio results” with the patience to stick with a sensible plan even when certain sleeves are inevitably underperforming in the short-term
- Utilize a modest amount of leverage to create space in my portfolio to add as many unique uncorrelated alternative return streams as possible
- Create a portfolio that is globally diversified and avoids home country bias at all costs by investing in International Developed and Emerging Markets
- To pursue “short” strategies to capture factor, style and risk premia as much as “long” only strategies
- Use a systematic quantitative approach to assembling a portfolio that involves both “passive” and “active” management
- To not be so obsessed with “fees” that it excludes me from pursuing specific strategies that cost more to implement
- To review my portfolio annually to potentially upgrade it (not tinker with for just the sake of it) if I have expanded my knowledge and/or certain products have been created that would be an upgrade over what I currently own
- To never stop learning about investing and to remain a curious investor my entire life throughout this journey
If my portfolio looks the same in 3 years time I would consider that a total failure.
Not because I haven’t stuck with a sensible plan but because I haven’t learned anything new to improve its overall diversification and/or that I haven’t paid close enough attention to new funds that better represent the goals and strategies I’m currently pursuing.
I also firmly want to maintain a “sponge investor” approach where I’m not a part of a team or tribe that succumbs to confirmation bias.
My Limitations For Pursuing the Picture Perfect Portfolio
The biggest limitation I face as a DIY investor at the moment is a lack of funds that represent the strategies I’m most interested in pursuing.
As an example, I absolutely love the 90/60 funds created by WisdomTree including $NTSX, $NTSI and $NTSE but I would in a heartbeat switch to a 90/60 fund that instead deployed a minimum volatility, momentum and/or value strategy as the backbone of the equity sleeve.
It’s not current available and so I’ve got considerably less equity factor exposure than I would like to have.
Also, as a Canadian investor, I’m not able to purchase US Mutual funds (I can buy US ETFs) so I’m left peering through the storefront with a drool bucket firmly in hand at funds such as StandPoint Multi-Asset Fund $BLNDX which I’d love to add to my portfolio.
There are also strategies that are being floated around and discussed such as the “Return Stacked 60/40 Absolute Return Index” that I’m interested in integrating into my portfolio that I hope become available in the near future.
I could go on and on with a wishlist of investing in the Cockroach Portfolio and the Dragon Portfolio along with portfolios I’ve created such as the Picture Perfect Portfolio and Nomadic Samuel Portfolio.
It’s exciting to think what the future holds in terms of potential funds and strategies.
Diversified DIY Quantitative Portfolio
I apologize for what might be considered by some to be a long-winded rant leading up to what is actually under the hood of my portfolio.
However, I felt it necessary to clearly outline my process, goals and limitations clearly before jumping into the nitty gritty.
Without further ado let’s pop this baby open!
Nomadic Samuel Portfolio
|UPAR||15.00%||ULTRA RISK PARITY ETF|
|HRAA.TO||15.00%||HORIZONS RESOLVE ADAPTIVE ASSET FUND|
|ONEC.TO||10.00%||ACCELERATE ONECHOICE ALTERNATIVE PORTFOLIO|
|PFAA.TO||10.00%||PICTON MAHONEY FORTIFIED ABSOLUTE ALPHA ALTERNATIVE|
|NTSE||7.50%||WISDOMTREE EMERGING EFFICIENT CORE FUND|
|GDE||7.50%||WISDOMTREE EFFICIENT GOLD PLUS EQUITY|
|NTSI||5.00%||WISDOMTREE INTERNATIONAL EFFICIENT CORE FUND|
|FIG||5.00%||SIMPLIFY MACRO STRATEGY ETF|
|KMLM||5.00%||KFA MOUNT LUCAS INDEX STRATEGY|
|DBMF||5.00%||IMGP DBI MANAGED FUTURES STRATEGY ETF|
|ATSX.TO||5.00%||ACCELERATE ENHANCED CANADIAN BENCHMARK ETF|
|PFAE.TO||5.00%||PICTON MAHONEY FORTIFIED ACTIVE EXTENSIONS|
|HDGE.TO||5.00%||ACCELERATE ABSOLUTE RETURN HEDGE FUND|
What exactly is the Nomadic Samuel Portfolio as of 2022?
7 US listed.
6 Canadian listed.
50% exposure to US funds.
50% exposure to Canadian funds.
The ticker represents the specific ETF followed by the % the fund takes up in the overall portfolio.
Next we’ve got the official fund name and a short description of the overall fund strategy.
Lastly, the last column represents the rough gross exposure each fund has (many are long/short) but not the overall net exposure.
As a quick example, an equity fund that is long (140) and short (40) would have a gross (180) exposure but only net (100) exposure.
Finally, every single fund is either multi-asset class or multi-strategy.
There is no long only equity or long only bond funds.
For example, ONEC.TO is a fund of funds whereas PFAE.TO is equity only but is multi-strategy in the sense that is goes both long/short.
ETF Funds Under The Hood
Let’s examine each of the funds to understand what each fund offers from a strategic point of view.
The two biggest positions in my portfolio are risk-parity portfolio funds that offer multi-asset class and multi-strategy exposure to my portfolio in an expanded canvas format.
UPAR = 15%
$UPAR is a long-only risk parity 168% canvas portfolio that is bond-centric in nature with TIPS and Long-Term Treasury making up 98% of the fund (49% each) with global equities (US + Int-Dev + EM) taking up a 35% allocation and Gold/Commodities forming the alternative sleeve at 35%.
The fund owns each sleeve based on the historical overall risk-level (standard deviation of each sleeve).
Thus, the bonds take up larger portions of the portfolio given they have lower standard deviation whereas stocks and gold/commodities are more volatile and thus receive a smaller allocation.
I expect the fund to offer better than equity returns with a smoother ride.
I wrote blog post where I reviewed UPAR Ultra Risk Parity ETF in detail.
$UPAR could easily be a total portfolio solution.
A one and done ETF approach.
But I’m a fan of what has been mentioned by influential quants on FinTwit of diversifying my diversifiers.
So a long-only one and done asset allocation approach is not for me.
HRAA.TO = 15%
$HRAA.TO is a risk parity adaptive asset allocation fund from some of my favourite quant folks in the industry over at ReSolve Asset Management.
Unlike $UPAR, $HRAA.TO takes advantage of a global systematic macro approach deploying various long-short managed futures strategies in a bespoke ensemble approach including (but not limited to) trend following.
It truly covers all of the bases including equity indexes, fixed income, tradeable real estate, currencies and commodities.
Getting back to the bespoke ensemble of managed futures strategies aside from just trend-following, Horizon Resolve Adaptive Asset Allocation ETF fund offers investors exposure to carry, value, momentum, seasonality, mean reversion and tail-risk.
This fund offers more uncorrelated asset classes and strategies than any other fund I’ve got under the hood.
If I could only invest in one fund for the rest of my life it might be something like this one.
With the funds ability to go long/short in an adaptive manner it offers an advantage strategically from a risk management perspective compared to long-only mandates.
Moreover, US investors can gain access to this strategy from ReSolve by utilizing $RDMIX.
It’s a Morningstar Five Star Fund and has received Lipper Awards as well.
I anticipate equity-like returns with volatility management that puts stock only portfolios to shame.
ONEC.TO = 10%
ONEC.TO is my favourite fund of funds ETF in my portfolio.
It just offers so much and allows me to break the shackles of some of the market-beta equity and bond exposure I have in other funds.
What is included?
|iShares Global Real Estate Index ETF||10.0%|
|RPAR Risk Parity ETF||9.9%|
|SPDR® Gold Shares||10.5%|
|Accelerate Enhanced Canadian Benchmark Fund||10.2%|
|SPDR® Blackstone / GSO Senior Loan ETF||10.4%|
|Accelerate Arbitrage Fund||10.7%|
|Accelerate Absolute Return Hedge Fund||10.0%|
|Accelerate Carbon-Negative Bitcoin ETF||7.0%|
|BMO Global Infrastructure Index ETF||4.9%|
|FlexShares STOXX® Global Broad Infra Index Fund||5.0%|
|iShares MBS ETF||5.3%|
|BMO Canadian MBS Index ETF||5.3%|
I’m gaining exposure to long-only equity diversifiers such as Global REIT and Global Infrastructure stocks while also enjoying long-short active extensions and factor-based hedging funds.
Gold and Bitcoin are part of the package as well allowing me to dip my toes into less than 1% cryptocurrency.
Mortgaged Backed Securities and Senior Loans provide further diversification to the portfolio as these are strategies not present in any other fund.
ONEC.TO is just one of three funds that I have in my portfolio created by Julian Klymochko of Accelerate.
If you’re interested in learning more about the fund I covered it in a review of Accelerate OneChoice Alternative ETF.
I’m expecting equity like returns with this fund with lower volatility.
PFAA.TO = 10%
Picton Mahoney Fortified Alpha Alternative ETF is one of the most interesting funds I have in my portfolio.
It takes three of the quantitative firms in house specialties (merger arbitrage, market neutral and special situation credit) as the primary strategy and layers secondary strategies of carry, value, momentum and tail-risk protection to round out the fund.
It utilizes aggressive leverage in a long/short capacity close to 300% gross exposure.
What I’m most excited about is how the sum of the parts have an incredible track record as individual funds where returns have easily outpaced risk.
These guys eat Sharpe Ratios for breakfast.
I’ve reviewed Picton Mahoney Fortified Absolute Alpha fund in detail for those interested in learning more.
I’m anticipating equity-like returns with this fund with only 1/3 to 1/2 the volatility.
NTSE = 7.5%
NTSE is the first of three WisdomTree funds that feature efficient core exposure stretching the canvas of the portfolio beyond 100%.
I utilize these funds to create space in my portfolio for other alternative strategies.
NTSE in particular is a 90/60 Emerging Markets equities and Treasury combination that provides 1.5X 60/40 portfolio exposure.
I’m firmly a believer in global diversification when it comes to equity allocation, so I’m thrilled that this fund boosts my Emerging markets exposure more than others.
I’m expecting the fund to outperform equity only mandates while offering similar volatility levels but less sequence of return risk. .
GDE = 7.5%
GDE is where I deviate from the NTS(?) series of funds from WisdomTree.
Instead of going for NTSX (90/60 US/Treasury exposure) I’ve opted for the 90/90 US/Gold combination to boost my allocation to gold as opposed to bonds.
I’ve got a lot of bond exposure in my portfolio – long and short.
Thus, I’m thrilled to add gold without really having to sacrifice equities in the process.
Wondering how a US stock + Gold tandem performs over a 50 year period?
You can check out my GDE ETF review here for that.
But the TL;DR version is that this duo pairs extremely well given they’re uncorrelated asset classes.
Gold protected against US equity lost decades of the 1970s and 2000s whereas equities picked up the tab in the 80s, 90s and 2010s.
In fact, this combination delivered double digit CAGR returns for each decade.
I firmly expect this combination to firmly crush equity only exposure to the US stock market.
NTSI = 5%
I’ll make this short and sweet.
NTSI is the equivalent of NTSE but with International Developed Markets as opposed to Emerging Markets.
Boosting the International-Developed exposure to equities in my portfolio is clearly a priority.
FIG = 5%
I’m really a big fan of what Simplify has been doing as an ETF provider over the past couple of years but for a while I couldn’t quite find a specific fit where a product they’ve released integrated well into my portfolio.
Well, that entirely changed with FIG ETF.
Simplify Macro Strategy ETF is a masterpiece fund of funds total portfolio solution with a plethora of goodies under the hood.
|CTA||SIMPLIFY MANAGED FUTURES||72280||26.24%|
|CDX||SIMPLIFY HIGH YIELD PL CREDIT HEDGE||86801||24.84%|
|SVOL||SIMPLIFY VOLATILITY PREMIUM||71812||20.34%|
|TYA||SIMPLIFY RISK PARITY TREASURY||27560||6.37%|
|IAU||ISHARES GOLD TRUST||11549||4.64%|
|–||FIDELITY INV MMTRSY 1 680||201161||2.47%|
|SPY US 12/16/22 C320||SPY Dec 2022 320 Call||110||11.16%|
|SPX US 12/16/22 C3200||S&P 500 Index Dec 2022 3200 Call||2||2.04%|
|SPY US 12/16/22 P350||SPY Dec 2022 350 Put||7||0.08%|
It offers a diversified set of risk drivers including exposure to equity, credit, duration and volatility.
I almost forgot to mention gold.
It’s a fund that deserves its own review on this site at some point.
The fund utilizes leverage in certain cases and put/call strategies to maximum returns and minimize downside risk.
Out of all the funds I own it has more exposure to long-volatility than any other.
In fact, I wouldn’t be surprised if I boost the allocation to FIG closer to 10% at some point.
I’m anticipating this fund will provide equity like returns while managing risk like a defensive all-star.
KMLM = 5%
KMLM is a managed futures long/short fund I’m truly excited about.
With an incredible track-record dating back decades I’m thrilled about having it in my portfolio as an uncorrelated strategy to long-only stocks/bonds/commodities funds.
It’s had a monster year in 2022 so far providing the type of crisis alpha investors seek when long only stocks/bonds are being skewered at the exact same time.
It’s the ultimate hedge for long-only equity, bond and commodity risk.
What’s interesting about this fund in particular is that it offers diversified exposure to commodities, currencies and bonds but forgoes equity index coverage.
There is a fantastic long-term track-record as well.
When it comes to managed futures strategies you can anticipate equity like returns long-term with 1/2 the risk.
DBMF = 5%
DBMF is a managed futures fund with a bit of a twist.
It seeks hedge fund like performance without hedge fund like fees by tracking the performance of a diversified pool of managed futures managers.
It’s a strategy uncorrelated with long equities/bonds and has delivered goliath positive returns this year while most traditional portfolios are tanking.
Given its all-weather capabilities and diversified long-short exposure to equity, bond, currency and commodity indexes it has significantly outperformed its benchmark SG CTA Index since inception.
I love this ETF.
I’m anticipating equity like performance meets stellar volatility management.
ATSX.TO = 5%
ATSX.TO is the first of three long-short equity funds that I’ve got in my portfolio.
It takes 100% of the TSX index as a future contract and then overlays a 50 long / 50 short combination of factor based strategies minus junk.
The fund has no management fees.
Only a performance fee when it outperforms the TSX as its benchmark.
I love this approach where the fund manager takes the same hit if/when the fund relatively underperforms and shares in the success when it does well.
I fully anticipate this fund to crush its benchmark and deliver better than equity like returns.
This is an outperformance strategy clear and simple.
PFAE.TO = 5%
Picton Mahoney Fortified Active Extensions fund is a 140-40 long/short equity fund with a track record that is beyond impressive.
The ETF version of this fund takes after its hedged mutual fund sibling.
With a track record dating back over a decade it has absolutely crushed its benchmark TSX by over 500 basis points while delivering a much higher Sharpe Ratio.
It uses a multi-factor quantitative approach to selecting attractive long stocks while shoring those with unattractive fundamentals.
I expect this fund to continue to significantly outperform equity only mandates as it has in the past.
HDGE.TO = 5%
Last but not least is Accelerate Absolute Return Hedge Fund.
Unlike its sibling ATSX.TO this fund does not follow a benchmark and instead offers multi-factor exposure to long 110 attractive stocks minus 40 junk.
Given my desire for significant equity factor exposure in my portfolio this fund provides it in spades.
Check out the delicious Morningstar Style Box below.
I’m anticipating this fund will long-term outperform index based equity funds while offering hedging protection those long only mandates lack.
Nomadic Samuel Final Thoughts
I thought it would be a bit presumptuous for me to write a pros and cons list, like I normally do for fund reviews, for my own portfolio given how biased it would be.
Quite frankly this isn’t a model portfolio I’m suggesting for anyone else.
It suits my quirky personality/character, unique life circumstances and my overall current knowledge as an investor.
As an attempt to think objectively for a moment I’ve come to conclusion that this is the anti-Bogleheads portfolio.
It’s not simple.
I’m not obsessed with fees.
The portfolio is not a long only market beta equity/bond combination.
I have much greater exposure to alternative asset classes and strategies than most other DIY investors.
The funds I’ve selected utilize a modest amount of leverage.
I have more long/short multi-strategy combinations than I do long-only.
That’s my favourite part by far.
This is one heck of a behemoth of a blog post.
Sorry about that!
I had zero plans to write a post this long but I felt I needed the space to explain things thoroughly.
If you’ve made it this far, thank you!
I think it’s time to wrap things up.
But before I do that I want to hear from you.
What do you have under the hood of your portfolio?
How have you changed as an investor over the years? (if you have at all)
What do you think of my portfolio?
Please, feel free to poke holes in it as I’m very much open to constructive criticism.
Also, I’m curious to know what kinds of strategies do you seek that aren’t currently represented in an investable fund?
Are there are any portfolio ideas you’ve thought of that you’d like to see come to life someday?
That’s all I’ve got for now.
Happy investing and pursuing your own picture perfect portfolio that suits your every need.
Ciao for now!