We continue the “How I Invest” series with Stefan Schumacher who reveals his globally diversified risk on risk off portfolio comprised of 55% stocks, 20% bonds and 25% alternatives.
The portfolio is a fascinating combination of different equity strategies (including individual stocks, global market cap weighted indexes and factor funds), alternatives (gold/silver, trend-following, tail risk, reits and market neutral strategies) and fixed income (treasury and bond exposure via asset allocation funds).
This, quite frankly, is one of the most diversified amateur portfolios I’ve ever encountered and I’m excited to turn things over to Stefan for further explanation.
How I Invest with a Globally Diversified Risk On Risk Off Portfolio Strategy
Hey guys! Here is the part where I mention I’m a travel content creator! This “How I Invest” interview is entirely for entertainment purposes only. There could be considerable errors in the data I gathered. This is not financial advice. Do your own due diligence and research. Consult with a financial advisor.
Stefan’s Investing Influences
Who were your greatest influences as an investor when you first started to get passionate about the subject?
How have your views evolved over the years to where you currently stand?
If you had to recommend a handful of resources (books, podcasts, white-papers, etc) to bring others up to speed with your investing worldview what would you recommend?
Until I was in my late 20s (I’m in my early 40s now), I literally didn’t know a stock from a bond.
I had very little understanding of personal finance or investing beyond a checking or a savings account.
I was reading stuff like Kiplinger and SmartMoney magazine, picking some random stocks and mutual funds.
I had no real sense of an allocation or a strategy.
I started to get a bit more grounding by reading those Little Book series.
- The Little Book of Common Sense Investing by Jack Bogle
- The Little Book That Beats the Market by Joel Greenblatt
- The Little Book of Market Myths by Ken Fisher.
Honestly, they’re great resources.
Easy to read and understand, a wealth of knowledge, excellent foundation.
My favorite book about investing, though, that doesn’t often get mentioned amongst the typical classics is actually a novel – The Financier by Theodore Dreiser.
It’s about a young upstart investor post-Civil War who rises and falls and rises again throughout market panics, personal scandal, and government corruption.
It’s market history, market psychology and business rolled into a great story.
There’s a great quote from the book that has stuck with me and I think of it any time there is craziness in the market, because it matches my overall philosophy: “Anything can make or break a market … from the failure of a bank to the rumor that your second cousin’s grandmother has a cold. It’s a most unusual world … No man can explain it. I’ve seen breaks in stocks that you could never explain at all – no one could … My God, the rumors of the stock exchange! They beat the devil.”
It makes for great conversation, but we don’t truly know what has or will move markets.
Another big influence was The Meb Faber podcast – that’s what really got me into having a global market allocation and gave me a better understanding of market history, the role of different asset classes, the risks and limitations of various strategies.
He’s got excellent knowledge and humility, really puts the broader investing spectrum into perspective.
I also love pretty much everything from the Ritholtz crew – I love watching What Are Your Thoughts and The Compound and Friends on YouTube. Josh Brown, Michael Batnick, Ben Carlson and Barry Ritholtz provide such entertaining and educational commentary with their various blogs and podcasts.
And it may sound boring, but Morningstar does a lot of very level-headed stuff and they have great data on funds.
In terms of my personal evolution, I think it’s really a case of going from stock picker to allocator, from discretionary to systematic.
Not entirely, but that’s how I lean.
Events The Shaped Stefan’s Investing Viewpoint
Aside from investing influences, what real life events have molded your overall views as an investor?
Was it something to do with the way you grew up?
Taking on too much risk (or not enough) early on in your journey/career as an investor?
Or just any other life event or personality trait/characteristic that you feel has uniquely shaped the way you currently view yourself as an investor.
A major life event.
What has helped shape the type of investor you’ve become today?
I started investing for the first time towards the end of 2007.
Right at the peak of the housing bubble, the doorstep of The Great Financial Crisis.
It would be insane to think the events that followed didn’t have a huge influence on my views as investor.
It was fairly conventional wisdom at that time – and maybe it still is – that buying a house was the primary way to build wealth.
Cause housing only goes one way – up.
But since then, I don’t look at a primary residence as an investment.
That stretch from 2008-09 was a great lesson in how far markets can fall and how much they can recover.
To my detriment, though, I think it left me always looking for the next big crash, which has caused me to be far too conservative and risk-averse during the last decade.
Conversation With Your Younger Self
Imagine you could have a three hour conversation with your younger self.
What would you tell the younger version of yourself in order to become a better investor?
Something that you know now that you wish you knew back then.
The obvious thing to say given the past decade would be just keep buying US stocks, but performance notwithstanding, I think I would have said buy the global stock market with as few funds as possible, and don’t add anything else until you have a very well thought out thesis as to how it will optimize your portfolio.
I have way too many funds and stocks in my portfolio.
In the past, I’ve bought things without enough conviction or with too big a position size, and then sold too soon or too late.
I would’ve told myself to start as broad and as simple as possible before delving into more strategies.
Stefan’s Risk On Risk Off Portfolio
Let’s pop the hood of your portfolio.
What kind of goodies do we have inside to showcase?
Spill the beans.
How much do you got of this?
Why did you decide to add a bit of that?
If you’d like to go over every line-item you can or if would be easier to break your portfolio into categories or quadrants that’s another route worth considering.
When do you anticipate this portfolio performing at its best?
In the broad sense, my portfolio is essentially 55% risk, 45% risk off.
My risk assets are essentially 50% US, 25% international developed and 25% emerging markets.
In terms of your standard asset classes, it’s 55% stocks, 20% bonds and 25% alternatives.
However, I’ve complicated this basic mix into about a million components – individual stocks, asset allocation ETFs, vanilla index funds, active or factor equity funds, trend ETFs, tail risk, market neutral.
My general feeling being that risk assets tend to perform well most of the time, so I want to be slightly overweight them, however they could also be subject to long periods of poor performance or steep drawdowns.
What if I need the money? It would be easy if I could guarantee that I wouldn’t be touching any of this until I’m 65, but in the real world people lose jobs, kitchens need remodeled, homes need down payments.
I don’t necessarily want to be all in stocks and then have to pull money out when stocks are down 50%.
So here’s the breakdown by investment type:
Risk On Risk Off Portfolio
Honestly, I’m not sure if this is a strategy or a pinwheel.
But much like Nomadic Samuel, I’m fascinated by different strategies.
I also like to test drive different ETFs and pick individual stocks.
I believe there are many good strategies that will work over time and also that anything could happen.
What’s worked the last 100 years may not work the next 50 years.
Without going through all of them, I’ll mention some of my favorite ETFs:
- Cambria’s global asset allocation strategies – GAA (the global market portfolio), TRTY (the global market portfolio with a tactical trend sleeve mixed in), and GMOM (global momentum trend following). They’re balanced and thoughtfully designed.
- Van Eck’s series of ETFs based on Morningstar’s equity research – MOAT ETF being the biggest of them. It picks the cheapest valued 50 wide moat stocks. It beat the S&P over the last 10 years. There’s also an international and global version.
- Vanguard’s US multifactor – VFMF is very cheap at 18 basis points, it ranks something like 500 stocks based on value, momentum and quality, and its holdings are very evenly distributed by company size, so you’re getting significant exposure to small, mid and micro caps, as well as large caps.
- Cambria’s tail risk and AGFIQ US market neutral anti-beta strategies – TAIL and BTAL are what I would call my “when all else fails” bucket. BTAL has done very well in 2022 and TAIL did phenomenal during the COVID crash. In some respect, it’s a nice psychological boost to see something going up when everything is getting crushed.
Of course, I also own the cheap beta products from Vanguard, Schwab and iShares and they’re great products.
I think there’s an extremely valid case to be made for owning nothing but these type of products – they make up about 40% of my portfolio – SCHB (US market), IDEV (international developed), IEMG (emerging markets), IAU (gold), GOVT (US treasuries).
And then in regard to individual stocks, my top five holdings are:
- Chipotle (CMG)
- Elevance Health (ELV) – used to be Anthem
- Apple (AAPL)
- ETSY (ESTY)
- Target (TGT)
I own about 50 individual stocks.
Is it necessary? No.
Is it wise? Maybe not.
But it’s a learning experience and I do get some sense of pride having a tiny piece of direct ownership in individual businesses.
My expectation is that my portfolio will perform well when the global stock market does well, and that this mix of diversifiers will buoy it when the global stock market does poorly.
Of course, then 2022 happens.
Managing Risk and Reward As An Investor
What kind of investing skills (trading, asset allocation, investor psychology, etc) are necessary to become good at the style of investing you’re pursuing?
Is there a certain type of knowledge, experience and/or personality trait that gives one an advantage running this type of portfolio?
I have a very moderate risk tolerance – and probably a bearish instinct.
My style of investing embraces the idea that anything could happen even if it hasn’t happened for a long time (international stocks outperforming the US, for example).
With this kind of investment approach, you also have to be ok with underperforming when the stock market is soaring.
Pockets of my portfolio may outperform, but overall there will always be something doing better.
Hopefully, that also means I’m not overly exposed when certain asset classes are going bad.
If I had an iron stomach, or I was certain I wouldn’t be touching the money for 30 years, or I had an endless source of additional capital to deploy, by all means, I would take on more risk.
More Aggressive and Conservative Portfolio
What would be a toned down version of your portfolio?
Something that’s a bit watered down.
Conversely, what would be a more aggressive version of your portfolio, if someone were willing to take on more risk for a potentially greater reward?
The toned down version of my portfolio would be to just put everything in a global asset allocation fund or a robo advisor.
I think there’s a very good chance that a systematic fund or computer model – that does everything on automatic with no emotion – is going to better than a person.
Even if that model is suboptimal in some way, the fact that it’s driven by rules rather than discretion is a great quality.
The aggressive version would be a global stock portfolio only.
Just buy VT and call it a day.
That would give you plenty of diversification while still being aggressive, and you’d do quite well over time.
The question is what do when stocks are in a 50% drawdown, you’ve just been laid off, and you have a baby on the way?
Leaves you in a tough spot.
Stefan’s Greatest Strengths/Weaknesses As An Investor
What do you feel is your greatest strength as an investor?
What is something that sets you apart from others?
Conversely, what is your greatest weakness?
Are you currently trying to address this weakness, prevent it from easily manifesting or simply doubling down on what it is that you’re great at?
I think just being an investor, period – who doesn’t panic sell or chase wild speculation – is a great foundation.
My greatest strength is probably understanding my own risk tolerance, and also just not selling out at the bottom.
I didn’t panic during the GFC or the Covid crash.
My biggest weakness is being overly involved.
I like to learn about new strategies and tweak my portfolio.
I try to mitigate that by staying within the confines of my balanced risk parameters.
I might mix up the spices in the soup, but it’s still a soup.
What Stefan Agrees and Disagrees With
What’s something that you believe as an investor that is not widely agreed upon by the investing community at large?
On the other hand, what is a commonly held investing belief that most in the industry would agree with that rubs you a bit differently?
I’ve come to this realization recently, but the biggest belief I have that goes against conventional wisdom is that dividends are essentially a distraction.
There is so much dogma around dividends and dividend payments, but they’re just part of your overall return.
They’re not some kind of a bonus check.
There’s just so many products built around these distributions, but they’re bad for you from a tax perspective and they almost trick you into thinking you’re making money when you’re not.
The phrase “I’m getting paid to wait” is nonsense.
If you invest in something that has a negative return over whatever time period, it doesn’t matter what the dividend payment was during that time.
Sure, dividend paying companies often can be good investments, but it’s not the dividend that makes them good investments.
The return can come in a dividend or in price appreciation, but the return is the return.
The overweighting of US stocks in US investors’ portfolios is something that I think is risky, whereas it’s seen as being conservative.
It was only 20 years ago that US stocks spent a decade doing nothing.
I believe in spreading my investments across the globe, even though that hasn’t been the best thing to do recently.
Learning More About Market History
What’s a subject area in investing that you’re eager to learn more about?
If you knew more about that particular topic would it influence the way you’d construct your portfolio?
I’d like to read more about market history.
You hear a lot about the Great Depression and some of the big bubbles, but I’d like to know more about what drove returns during different periods.
Maybe it gives me a better sense of what strategies stand the test of time.
It’s easy to get caught up in what’s happening now.
Avoiding Real Estate As An Investment
What would be the ultimate anti-Stefan portfolio?
Something you’d never own unless you were duct-taped to a chair as a hostage?
What about this portfolio is repulsive to you?
Conversely, if you were forced to Steel Man it, what would potentially be appealing about the portfolio to others?
What is so alluring about it?
Anything involving physical real estate – flipping houses, renting out apartments, buying property.
I don’t want to be getting calls in the middle of the night that someone’s refrigerator is leaking.
It stresses me out enough just owning my own house.
There are just so many costs and headaches involved, and you’re using huge leverage.
I know a lot of people see it as the roach to riches, but the inconvenience and the amount of management involved would be a nightmare for me.
I think people like it because it’s tangible, the checks are literally coming in every month and it’s something you feel like you can control.
But I don’t know that you can.
How You Can Follow Stefan
Thanks so much for taking part in the “How I Invest” series! How can others connect with you on social media and other platforms that you run?
Follow me on Twitter @DeathStripMall.
Nomadic Samuel Final Thoughts
I want to personally thank Stefan for taking the time to participate in the “How I Invest” series by contributing thoughtful answers to all of the questions!
If you’ve read this article and would like to take part in the “How I Invest” interview series feel free to reach out to nomadicsamuel at gmail dot com.
That’s all I’ve got!
Ciao for now!