RSST ETF: Review Of The Strategy Behind Return Stacked U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures Fund With Corey Hoffstein

I’m of the firm opinion that many of the best ETFs are recently minted.

As an expanded canvas investor, I’m relentlessly seeking the most capital efficient funds to gain core exposure to stocks, bonds and alternatives.

The one combination that has been missing in the ETF marketplace is a return stacking stocks and managed futures fund.

Well, that’s no longer the case!

Because as of today RSST ETF is now available.

It’s better known as Return Stacked U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures ETF.

Thus, I’m thrilled to welcome back (its creator) Corey Hoffstein to go over all of its unique features.

Without further ado, let’s turn things over to Corey!

Corey Hoffstein: CIO of Newfound Research

Corey Hoffstein is co-founder and Chief Investment Officer of Newfound Research, a quantitative investment firm offering alternative investment strategies and capital efficient solutions.

At Newfound, Corey oversees quantitative research and overall corporate strategy.

A passionate researcher and educator, Corey is best known for his writing on liquidity cascades, his journal-published papers on rebalance timing luck, his most recent piece “15 Ideas, Frameworks, and Lessons from 15 Years” and being the host of the quantitative investment podcast Flirting with Models.

Corey holds a B.S. in Computer Science from Cornell University and a M.S. in Computational Finance from Carnegie Mellon University.

RSST ETF Review: The Strategy Behind Return Stacked US Stocks & Managed Futures with Corey Hoffstein
I Had A Chance To Enjoy Return Stacking Ice Cream Flavours In Tokyo, Japan

Reviewing The Strategy Behind RSST ETF (Return Stacked U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures ETF)

Hey guys! Here is the part where I mention I’m a travel content creator! This “The Strategy Behind The Fund” interview is entirely for entertainment purposes only. There could be considerable errors in the data I gathered. This is not financial advice. Do your own due diligence and research. Consult with a financial advisor.

Return Stacked RSST ETF U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures Logo

What’s The Strategy Of RSST ETF?

For those who aren’t necessarily familiar with a “‘return stacked’ capital efficient” style of asset allocation, let’s first define what it is and then explain this strategy in practice by giving some clear examples.

Most investors will acknowledge that more diversification is generally favorable to less.  By combining uncorrelated assets, wealth can compound more consistently and investors can achieve their financial plans with more certainty.

The best non-correlated options tend to be alternative assets like gold and commodities as well as alternative strategies like managed futures, systematic global macro and other liquid alts. Unfortunately, most investors today allocate little to no money to these areas?  Why?

In my experience, it is because adding alternatives also means subtracting exposure to core stocks and bonds.  This can create significant tracking error and lead to substantial relative underperformance during decades like the 2010s when stocks and bonds thrived and many alternatives languished.

Return stacking aims to solve this problem by providing investors with a “yes and” solution rather than an “either/or” decision.

It does this by combining multiple exposures into a single fund.  For example:

  • In the Return Stacked Bonds & Managed Futures ETF (RSBT), for every $1 invested, we provide $1 of exposure to bonds and $1 of exposure to a managed futures strategy.
  • In the Return Stacked U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures ETF (RSST), for every $1 invested we provide $1 of exposure to large-cap U.S. equities and $1 of exposure to a managed futures fund.

By swapping out a portion of core stock or bond exposure with the respective two-for-one pre-packaged ETF, we are able to reintroduce the core exposure AND stack managed futures on top of their original portfolio.

For more on return stacking, you can visit our “what is return stacking” primer.

Why Invest In RSST ETF? For every $1 invested, RSST is designed to provide $1 of large-cap U.S. equity exposure and $1 of a managed futures strategy

Unique Features Of Return Stacked U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures Fund RSST ETF

Let’s go over all the unique features your fund offers so investors can better understand it. What key exposure does it offer? Is it static or dynamic in nature? Is it active or passive? Is it leveraged or not? Is it a rules-based strategy or does it involve some discretionary inputs? How about its fee structure?

For every $1 invested, the Return Stacked U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures ETF (RSST) is designed to provide $1 of large-cap U.S. equity exposure and $1 of exposure to a managed futures strategy.

The relative exposure to U.S. equities and the managed futures strategy is static.

The large-cap U.S. equity exposure simply seeks to provide broad large-cap U.S. equity exposure (e.g. S&P 500); there is no active stock-picking component.

The managed futures strategy seeks to replicate the Société Générale Trend Index.

This fund is meant to complement our existing Return Stacked Bonds & Managed Futures ETF (RSBT), which is designed similarly but seeks to provide $1 of bonds and $1 of exposure to a managed futures strategy for every $1 invested.

source: ReSolve Asset Management on YouTube

What Sets RSST ETF Apart From Other Asset Allocation Funds?

How does your fund set itself apart from other “asset allocation” funds being offered in what is already a crowded marketplace? What makes it unique?

There are two primary differentiators to this fund.

  1. We believe return stacking is the key value proposition.  There are hundreds of U.S. equity funds and dozens of managed futures funds.  We’re not aware of any that give you $1 of exposure to U.S. equities and $1 of managed futures for every $1 invested.This enables a whole new dimension of portfolio construction for investors and allocators.
  2. The managed futures strategy seeks to replicate the Société Générale Trend Index.  The managed futures category is notorious for performance dispersion among managers.  Rather than introduce idiosyncratic process risk, our goal is to try to provide the “beta” of the category.

This will introduce its own modeling risk, but we believe, over the long run, this approach will have less tracking error to the benchmark than any individual manager.

source: The Meb Faber Show on YouTube

What Else Was Considered For RSST ETF?

What’s something that you carefully considered adding to your fund that ultimately didn’t make it past the chopping board? What made you decide not to include it?

Since the managed futures strategy was being paired with equities, we discussed at length whether we wanted to run a managed futures strategy that was designed to exhibit more consistently negative correlation to equities, particularly during tail environments (e.g. no long equity exposure).

Ultimately, we decided that we wanted this ETF to mirror the design of RSBT, simplifying the choice for investors simply down to whether they want to pair with bonds or stocks.

RSST ETF Fund Overview for Return Stacked U.S. Stocks & Managed Futures Fund

When Will RSST ETF Perform At Its Best/Worst?

Let’s explore when your fund/strategy has performed at its best and worst historically or theoretically in backtests. What types of market conditions or other scenarios are most favourable for this particular strategy? On the other hand, when can investors expect this strategy to potentially struggle?

The fund is new and I cannot discuss backtests.  That said, we like the “return stacked” nomenclature because we think it helps explain precisely how returns in the fund should materialize.

While U.S. equities and managed futures have exhibited a low degree of correlation historically, they have exhibited high degrees of correlation over short-term periods.  These periods can lead to amplified returns: both positive and negative.

We’d expect the fund to do well during periods when U.S. equities are doing well and there are sufficient trends in equities, rates, commodities, and currencies futures markets for the managed futures strategy to profit from.

Conversely, we’d expect the fund to do poorly during periods when U.S. equities are doing poorly and there mean reversion in equities, rates, commodities, and currencies futures markets are causing the managed futures strategy to lose money.

On average, we’d expect the volatility of U.S. equities to match well with the volatility of the managed futures strategy, so neither should dominate the ETF’s risk profile over the long run.

RSST ETF Investment Case: Investors should consider Return Stacked US Stocks & Managed Futures ETF for capital efficiency, diversification and inflation hedging potential benefits

Why Should Investors Consider Return Stacked US Stocks & Managed Futures RSST ETF?

If we’re assuming that an industry standard portfolio for most investors is one aligned towards low cost beta exposure to global equities and bonds, why should investors consider your fund/strategy?

Our aim with Return Stacked funds is to allow investors to keep their global beta exposure and complement it with diversifying alternatives.

Why should they replace that low-cost exposure with a more expensive fund?

  1. By retaining the core beta through stacking, the fee is explicitly to pay for the alternative.  We no longer have to ask, “can the alternative outperform the core beta after fees,” but simply: “can the alternative outperform the fees?”
  2. We believe we can offer the alternatives at a lower cost than our peer group.
  3. We believe that introducing additional return streams through stacking has several potential benefits, including: (1) enhanced long-term returns; (2) the potential to improve diversification and reduce risk; and (3) the potential for a more sustainable allocation to alternatives.

source: Raise Your Average on YouTube

How Does RSST ETF Fit Into A Portfolio At Large?

Let’s examine how your fund/strategy integrates into a portfolio at large. Is it meant to be a total portfolio solution, core holding or satellite diversifier? What are some best case usage scenarios ranging from high to low conviction allocations?

The primary use case for RSST is quite simple: replacing large-cap U.S. equities with RSST allows investors to retain their large-cap U.S. equity exposure while introducing a managed futures strategy to their portfolio.

The size of the allocation ultimately determines the size of the overlay. I believe you’ve introduced this to your audience as “what is the canvas size” of the portfolio.   For example, selling 5% of large-cap U.S. equity exposure to buy RSST would create a 5% managed futures overlay on the portfolio, a total canvas size of 105%; selling 20% to buy RSST would result in a 20% overlay, a total canvas size of 120%.

source: Return Stacked® Portfolio Solutions on YouTube

The Cons of RSST ETF

What’s the biggest point of constructive criticism you’ve received about your fund since it has launched?

Many investors are simply averse to leverage.  And, make no mistake, return stacking is an application of leverage.

The fear of leverage is understandable: if you look at just about every major financial catastrophe, you’ll find leverage lurking at the crime scene.  But it is usually concentrated leverage.

What we’re specifically advocating for is utilizing leverage to better unlock the potential benefits of diversification.  We believe that return stacking can not only help investors introduce alternatives in a way that can improve expected portfolio results, but also introduce alternatives in a manner that is behaviorally sustainable.

Stocks, Bonds & Managed Futures correlations, performance and volatility

The Pros of RSST ETF

On the other hand, what have others praised about your fund?

We are excited at the number of people who see our funds the same way as we do: pre-stacked building blocks that enable a variety of different portfolios to be constructed.

Some may elect to create a small overlay on their very traditional stock-bond portfolio.  Others have created examples where they re-think what an “all weather” portfolio might look like, creating levered, balanced allocations of stocks, bonds, commodities, and alternative strategies.

Our intention with launching Return Stacked ETFs ( is not to be prescriptive (though we do have opinions), but rather to provide the building blocks for informed investors to build the portfolios that are best for them. Having said that, we do offer clear assembly instructions via model portfolios for those advisors and institutions that want turnkey solutions and incorporates other pre-packaged funds and ETFs at Return Stacked Portfolio Solutions (

Return Stacked ETFs logo

Learn More About RSST ETF and Return Stacking

We’ll finish things off with an open-ended question. Is there anything that we haven’t covered yet that you’d like to mention about your fund/strategy? If not, what are some other current projects that you’re working on that investors can follow in the coming weeks/months?

As I mentioned in the last answer, we see our funds as pre-stacked building block solutions and so, as you might expect, we plan to continue to launch different combinations of stacks in the coming months and years.

For financial professionals, we also offer model portfolios.  These are turnkey portfolio solutions that implement return stacking concepts and are available in a variety of risk profiles.  Advisors can implement them directly, customize them, or simply use them as inspiration.  We plan on expanding our model lineup over the next several years.

We’ve also been working on several tools to allow investors to learn by getting their hands dirty.  To date we’ve published two tools: the Return Stacking Visualizer and a Return Stacking Withdrawal Visualizer.  The former allows investors to easily explore and backtest different return stacking concepts.  The latter allows investors to explore how return stacking combinations can impact portfolio longevity and withdrawals.  Both are currently available to financial professionals after they register on our website.  We hope to expand this toolkit going forward.

Finally, we recognize that this concept will be novel for many, so education is a strong focus for us.  So, we plan on publishing more content on our blog as well as our YouTube channel.

source: Return Stacked® Portfolio Solutions on YouTube

Nomadic Samuel Final Thoughts

I want to personally thank Corey Hoffstein at Return Stacked ETFs for taking the time to participate in “The Strategy Behind The Fund” series by contributing thoughtful answers to all of the questions!

If you’ve read this article and would like to have your fund featured, feel free to reach out to nomadicsamuel at gmail dot com. 

That’s all I’ve got!

Ciao for now!

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